rsync -avhPHAXx --exclude={/dev/*,/proc/*,/sys/*,/tmp/*,/run/*,/mnt/*,/media/*,/lost+found,/sw*} /mnt/ /

This will restore Unix file permissions, POSIX ACLs, and (if setfacl run as root) file ownership:

getfacl -R /volatile > /backup/acls
	
cd / && setfacl --restore /backup/acls
	

This will restore ext3/XFS extended attributes (xattrs):

getfattr -Rd /volatile > /backup/xattrs
	
cd / && setfattr --restore /backup/xattrs